6. Neuroscientists locate X in the brain using brain imaging.

Where X is some vague cross category concept or attribute with thousands of possible definitions (e.g. justice, empathy, criminality). Leaving aside the host of problems that are inherent in the use of brain imaging for studying anything but the most basic of brain functions, these “papers” almost always have sample sizes so small that any “findings” are basically meaningless. Any article that begins with “”neuroscientists” and includes the words “brain imaging” should be viewed with a very high level of skepticism.

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