According to some theories of how the human brain is organized and functions. Theories abound that attempt to describe the structure of various neural networks in the brain, how they are organized, how they function, and ultimately how/if they are important to human intelligence/consciousness or a million other more mundane processes. Ultimately, it is still not even “proven” that such networks exist, let alone that they are somehow the key structures that should be the focal point of any model attempting to mimic how the human brain works. Each of these theories has a viable claim to some level of “correctness” and corresponding data to support it. None are completely accurate and no doubt most are mostly wrong.
Given this brute fact it is simply impossible for anyone to claim that an artificial neural network works anything like a network of neurons in the human brain. This is obviously true because, to put it simply, it is still not known how these function and/or how they are structured in the human brain. Depending on the whims of the particular programmers/engineers designing/programming any particular artificial neural network they might select any of fifty competing theories of neuronal structure and function to model. Mostly, because they are ignorant of the complexities of biology and neuroscience they will select the most tried and true/easiest/most previously used approaches. These will be incorrect and will produce the exact same non-intelligent, non learning machines we have been producing since day 1 of this ridiculous quest for artificial intelligence way back in the 1950s. Wasting time attempting to design/develop/create an artificial intelligence is absolute nonsense when we have yet to understand actual, natural intelligence.